“This year’s Laureates opened the door on an unknown world where matter exists in strange states. The Nobel Prize in Physics 2016 is awarded with one half to David J. Thouless, University of Washington, Seattle, and the other half to F. Duncan M. Haldane, Princeton University, and J. Michael Kosterlitz, Brown University, Providence. Their discoveries have brought about breakthroughs in the theoretical understanding of matter’s mysteries and created new perspectives on the development of innovative materials.
The three Laureates’ use of topological concepts in physics was decisive for their discoveries. Topology is a branch of mathematics that describes properties that only change step-wise. Using topology as a tool, they were able to astound the experts. ”
Read more about this year’s prize
Popular Science Background
We arrived at the end of the 7th International Conference The New Generation in Strongly Correlated Electrons Systems 2016.
It was a nice week rich of nice talks and fruitful and interesting discussions. Here you can find some of the nice talks presented during the week!
The 7th International Conference New Generation in Strongly Correlated Electrons Systems 2016 will take place from the 26th to the 30th of September 2016 at the International Centre for Theoretical Physics (ICTP) in Trieste (Italy).
Congratulations to LIGO and Virgo collaborations for their stunning achievement in detecting gravitational waves! The results are free to read here. While for a less technical explanation (but still brilliant ) one can refer to the amazing video of PHD Comics.
Four new chemical elements will take their places in the periodic table, the International Union of Pure and Applied Chemistry (IUPAC) announced last week. IUPAC verified the discoveries of elements 113, 115, 117, and 118, which complete the periodic table’s seventh row.
“The study, conducted this fall, focuses on developing new methods of synthesis for super heavy elements. The newly discovered, exotic nuclei are one isotope each of heavy elements berkelium, neptunium and uranium and two isotopes of the element americium. [..] Apart from discoveries themselves, the discovery is the first proof of the new technique for production of these exotic nuclides.” [From Phys.org ]
Read more “Observation of new neutron-deficient isotopes with in multinucleon transfer reactions” Physics Letters B, Vol. 748, (2015)
E. coli bacteria
Can bacterial activity have a measurable influence on shear viscosity? Well, yes! Bacteria swimming in a fluid can eliminate the fluid’s viscosity, making it into a helium-like superfluid. The microbes can even generate negative viscosity. AMAZING!
Take a look here -> Synopsis: Bacterial Superfluids